[Field note] French Armed Forces & Defence of France
Iran: the coming back of a giant
Saudi Arabia: the kingdom at a crossroad
Saudi Arabia’s oil strategy: impact on the US shale oil and gas industry
Saudi Arabia’s decision to maintain its production output and not support oil prices is driven by the desire of the country to kill the USA’s oil and gas shale industry. This article will analyse the current situation and assess whether this has been successful.
Game of oil: Saudi Arabia’s massive geopolitical bet
A peace to end all peace
When the Central powers collapsed in Autumn 1918, the war had lasted 4 years and the Allied were caught unprepared, having only recently changed their mind in regard to the length of the war, expecting it to go well into 1919 and even 1920. Notwithstanding, from January to June 1919, the 4 Allied powers (UK, France, Italy and the USA) set out to establish the first modern peace in the aftermath of the most bloody and destructive conflict Europe had known in recent centuries.
In his book 1914-1918, David Stevenson offers a powerful, detailed, insightful yet concise history of the Great War. He divides the war into 3 parts: the outbreak in early 1914, with rapid troop movement; the escalation from 1915 until late 1917, during which the opponents desperately sought to break through the stalemate; and the outcome in 1918, with Germany’s last push and its following collapse.
That history is written by the winner is a rather well established fact. But it is still amazing how many people still fall into pre-packaged narratives. In his book “The Sleepwalkers”, Christopher Clark sets out to dispel the myth of German aggressiveness and European victimhood.
The Proud Tower: A Portrait of the World Before the War, 1890-1914
As historians studying the First World War mostly focused on the political relationships between states and their policy makers leading to the war, making it sometimes difficult to grasp accurately what these various actors were actually feeling and in which context they were evolving.
The War That Ended Peace
The Economic Reasons to Geographic Expansion: the Example of China
The Guns of August
In “The Guns of August”, Barbara Tuchman starts by laying out a detailed picture of the background surrounding the outbreak of the war, with the various national ideals, the military plans of the main protagonists (Germany, France, Russia and England), and the complex personal relationships between the key actors. She then proceeds with a breath taking description of the first month of the war.
Shale gas exploitation in the US, economics and geopolitics consequences
Shale gas and oil are natural resources globally present in the sedimentary rocks of Earth. Shale gas is contained in rock insufficiently permeable to be easily exploited and only the fracturing of these rocks liberates the gas. To do so, oil companies have to use unconventional methods such as horizontal […]
Que veut la Chine ? De Mao au Capitalisme
“Oscillant entre un nationalisme arrogant et une étonnante discrétion dans le concert des nations, elle émet des signaux contradictoires pour l’opinion internationale. Machiavélisme de ses dirigeants? Crainte de réveiller le fantôme des années Mao? Ou, plus prosaïquement, absence de vision d’une élite avant tout préoccupée par ses problèmes?”
Postwar – A History of Europe Since 1945
“As is made clear in the introduction, the author makes no attempt to expound any grand theory or “overarching theme” for contemporary European history, aiming to avoid narrative fallacies by plainly retelling the entire scope of European history in that period, to let what themes do exist become self-apparent.”
Dans ce film, Christophe de Ponfilly revient sur son parcours, ses précédentes expériences, et nous plonge dans un monde qui ne semble connaître que la guerre entre des hommes qui n’ont connus que la guerre. Dans un pays où l’on se bat depuis que l’on est petit, peut on trouver une solution politique ?
Taiwan & the Harmonious World: Toward Peaceful Resolution ?
“This paper discuss the recent development between the governments of the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China, especially in light of the new foreign policy adopted by Hu Jintao in 2005, the Harmonious World. The Taiwan issue has always been a very hot topic, both in the domestic area as well as on the international scene. Historical events have created a imbroglio in which ideologies and politics are strongly opposed. However, recent events have put some hope that a peaceful resolution can be reached.”
Darwin’s Nightmare is a 2004 documentary film dealing with the environmental and social effects of the fishing industry around Lake Victoria inTanzania. Through interviews with the Russian and Ukrainian plane crew, local factory owners, guards, prostitutes, fishermen and other villagers, the film discusses the effects of the introduction of the Nile perch to Lake Victoria, how it has affected the ecosystem and economy of the region.
Occupation 101: Voice of the Silenced Majority
The film focuses on the effects of the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and discusses events from the rise of Zionism to the Second Intifada and Israel’s unilateral disengagement plan, presenting its perspective through dozens of interviews, questioning the nature of Israeli-American relations — in particular, the Israeli military occupation of the West Bank and Gaza, and the ethics of US monetary involvement. Occupation 101 includes interviews with mostly American and Israeli scholars, religious leaders, humanitarian workers, and NGO representatives — more than half of whom are Jewish — who are critical of the injustices and human rights abuses stemming from Israeli policy in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza.
The War Tapes – Iraq 2004
Restrepo – One Platoon, One Valley, One Year
Debunking Iran Nuclear Menace Myths
“Iran getting a nuclear weapon would be incredibly destabilizing. Attacking them would also create the same kind of outcome,” […] “In an area that’s so unstable right now, we just don’t need more of that” – Admiral Michael Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff